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Foolproof Wood Finishing

Learn How to Finish or Refinish Wood Projects with Stain, Glaze, Milk Paint, Top Coats, and More

 

Understanding wood finishing

How to select and apply the right finish to your frames

 

The New
Wood Finishing Book,
Revised Edition

The author demystifies the art and science of finishing with clear and up-to-date information, including coverage of spray finishing and the new generation of water-based finishes

HOW TO FINISH YOUR FRAMES

You have completed your frame ... out of raw wood ... and you would like to give it a portrait house Lindinfinish which is worthy of your home.

With a little care and good products, you can get a result that closely approach the finishes of frames bought in a store.

But what are the different ways to do this and what are the options available to you? It's about this page "FINISHES"

Painted finish

Paint raw wood of its picture frames is by far the most commonly used : a variety of colors available and ease of application of the new acrylic paints are the main motivations.

One rule, intangible whatever your painting, the preparation of the wood ! If you apply your color on a crude medium, the result will be poor and disappointing (except if you want it thus).

For a flawless surface condition, here is how to proceed and you can apply this technique to paint all wood surfaces...

Step 1 Sand carefully with a fine sand paper Glass paper(80) your rough wood frame.

Meanwhile, look for the small defects of the wood you can't remove by sanding: small chips, cracks, knots, holes ....

 

 

Step 2 Recap with wood filler the holes and Wood puttydefects previously identified .

This product WOODMASTIC is based vegetal adhesives, hardens quickly, is easily sanded and especially, is easy to paint thereafter!

Let dry and sand carefully.

 

Step 3 Optional step but recommended, especially for the fixtures. Because paint can't fill holes, take a putting knife and some joint compound then fill the entire suface to be painted. Let dry and sand !

(Avoid cheap fatty joint compounds ...)

I've found an extremely thin finishing coat, which is applied Uliroceasily and dries quickly ... the brand : ULIROC.

This is the best of those I have used (free advise !). It is very finely sanded and provides an ideal surface before painting.

You can also use Gesso that you apply with a brush or roller.

A friend's mine makes by himself the finishing coating by mixing acrylic paint with white coating powder ... If you are trying to paw!

Remember to remove all sand dusts on the frame before painting it, finish by wiping with a damp clean sponge.

Step 4 is the painting ... Use high quality paint (which will always be more opaque than that of lower quality) and prefer to paint with satin gloss paints (less than a definite choice).

Glycerophtalic paints give good results but are gradually replaced by acrylic ones... The interest of these is that they are not oil-based solvents (without odor) and that the tools are cleaned with water and soap.

Take a first layer, let dry 24 hours, pass a very fine sandpaper, then a second layer.

Remember to clean your brushes and other tools as and when ... otherwise, that would increase considerably the cost of your work.

To provide your frames an older look ...

Method 1. In the manner of scrapbookers who ink the outlines of their papers to give them an aged look ...

Initially, paint your frame with a light color, then, after complete drying, make by yourself a little buffer of stuff that you soak with dark paint.

Retail pele mele

You spend this small stamp on the edges of the frame with a movement from outside to inside. This will leave a slightly irregular trace on the edges and corners, giving you the desired effect.

Method 2. The old "Louis XVI" furnitures were painted with clear gray... with red traces of wear ... and antique dealers are masters in the manufacture of "glazes" that give two hundred years to a cabinet made the day before!

red frame

Imitate ! Coat a layer of red paint at first. Allow to dry and then coat two layers of light gray paint. After complete drying, sand with a very fine sandpaper to remove on the corners and edges the layers of gray paint to appear in places with red paint!

To finish : a thin layer of wax to restore the satin where you have sanded and finish with a small wad of steel wool.

Crackled effect

You can easily give a cracked paint effect on your frames ... The principle is simple... but the result not always exactly predictable ... It must be tested before embarking on a specific achievement!

The crackle effect is obtained by superposition of a special painting to crack (the color of the cracks)then LiberonGela gel to crack and then a 2nd color paint to crack (the dominant color). You will find paintings and gels inLIBERON . Under 9 € pot

Also note that the brand FRERES NORDIN have a special crack varnish that can be found in all shops edutainment.

Want to experiment ??? Try this ... works very well! Take a first layer of glycerophthalic paint, you just let it dry and then directly over, spend a layer ofacrylic paint ... The cracking, not always predictable (depending on the thickness of your layers) will appear ... and if you put, after drying, a thin coat of furniture wax, shine it with wool scrap, then just a blow of steel wool... you have for free your cracked look !

I created a frame with this technique, a light turquoise background followed by a layer of acrylic chocolate ... Very nice effects! For other colors

Other technical "cracked" imitation .

You must have adhesive brown paper (sold in gummed rolls in edutainment stores ). Tear pieces of 3 to 5 cm irregularly and paste them by making them cover all around your frame ... All wood must be well hidden.

When all your frame is completely covered ... Apply sparingly, gilded brown wax to give a slight metallic look to relief. After drying pass a colorless wax on the whole ...

How to give a metallic appearance to your frame

Always with the special paint ... brand LIBERON available in 10 different metallic tones.

Very easy to use, it gives a "PRO" look to your frames. After substrate preparation, just to spend two layers of special paint to achieve the desired effect!

Polished finish

It is probably the most discreet and at the same time the most elegant finishing ... The resulting framework will marry with all styles of interiors without any problem ...

The implementation is very simple since you have only to stain the wood to the desired color and, after drying, apply one coat of furniture clear wax which must then be satin.

Begin by selecting the color of your frame ... Choose alcohol colors to less raise wood grain. Paint with a tint brush or cloth in the direction of the grain, while wiping the surplus progressively...

After drying, give a first layer of ordinary furniture wax ... let dry and sand with fine steel wool (it's the secret!) in the direction of the grain. You will then find that your wood is very smooth and begins to take a satiny sheen. Give an another layer of wax and go to new steel wool with emphasis on the corners.

Finish with a final layer of wax that you will shine with a woolen cloth (an old sock is perfectly fine).

If you do not use furniture wax ... Take shoe polish (the polish, no cream ...). It gives excellent results.

Waxed finish and colorful

The company DIAMANTINE (V33) present in some supermarkets (Leclerc and GEANT) a "color tint and wax" handy to use on well sanded wood .

The product in aqueous phase (the brushes can be cleaned Gray boxtherefore with water), color at first and, after drying, behaves like a wax coat? Although the instruction manual talks about "monolayer", I had to spend two to get the result I wanted ...

I finished with a steel wool and passed a final layer of clear wax that I "bright" then with a rag wool!

The colors are "resolutely" modern : gray flannel, taupe ... and very affordable prices (a little less than 3 € a can of 250cm3)